Sedimentary basins form primarily in convergent, divergent and transform settings. Tectonics of sedimentary basins cathy busby, raymond. Tectonics of sedimentary basins article pdf available in geological society of america bulletin 10011. Some of the more important of these environments are illustrated in figure 6. Most basins involve several of these processes working together. Other articles where sedimentary basin is discussed. Lecture notes sedimentary geology earth, atmospheric. Busby and others published tectonics of sedimentary basins find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate.
Evolution of sedimentary basins is spatially related to continental evolution and global tectonic processes. Robertson basins and plays tellus sedimentary basins of the world map aapg datapages and the gis publications committee wish to thank robertson a cgg company for allowing the robertson sedimentary basins of the world map to be posted on datapages gis open files page, thereby making it available to the public as a free download. Sedimentary basins are characterized by their position relative to the plate margin when deposition occurs, and each chapter in this book examines a different major basin type. Tectonic and sedimentary evolution of basins in the. Sedimentary basins are an important source of groundwater within australia. Tectonic extension at divergent boundaries where continental rifting is occurring can create a nascent ocean basin leading to either an ocean or the failure of the rift zone. The stratigraphy and sedimentology of sedimentary basins. This catalog of basins is designed to provide a check list and basic geologic framework for compiling more detailed geologic and reservoir engineering data for this and. The downdropped basin formed during rifting because of stretching and thinning of the continental crust.
Intracratonic basins form within stable continental interiors. Purchase the sedimentary basins of the united states and canada, volume 5 1st edition. At their largest, sedimentary basins can be hundreds to thousands of kilometers in horizontal dimensions and contain more than 10 15 m 3 of buried materials. Several studies show a close relationship between sedimentary pattern and larger structural elements of the earth continents are formed by different tectonic processess and related magmatism. Sedimentary rocks and sedimentary basins reading stanley, s.
With the increasing processing capability of todays pcs and workstations, the road is open for moving basin modeling to where it belongs, to the geologist doing the basin modeling. Investigating the complex interplay between tectonics and sedimentation is a key endeavor in modern earth science. Pages in category sedimentary basins the following 7 pages are in this category, out of 7 total. Many such basins contain extensive multilayered aquifer systems consisting of permeable sediments laid down at various times in the past. The essential element of the concept is tectonic creation of relief, to.
The areas with sedimentary basins considered in the chapter are andes fueginos, patagonia and andean foreland basins, karoo basin in south africa, sedimentary basins of nw and central europe, western ireland, and duero basin in spain. Principles of sedimentary basin analysis springerlink. They are pervasive on earth and form in response to complex geologic processes. Basin modeling is a valuable tool in the search for new reservoirs. Executive summary the dynamics of sedimentary basins. Tectonics of sedimentary basins by cathy busby overdrive.
Some well known sedimentary basins include the great artesian basin, the murray basin and the officer basin. Basin analysis and dynamics of sedimentary basin evolution. Preliminary catalog of the sedimentary basins of the. The geology of indonesiasedimentary basins wikibooks. Breakthroughs in new techniques are described in section 1, including detrital zircon geochronology, cosmogenic nuclide dating, magnetostratigraphy.
Examples of sedimentary basins of world sciencedirect. Recent advances edited by cathy busby and antonio azor. This abundantly illustrated book will serve as an excellent educational tool and remain a valuable resource and handy reference work in any petroleum geology library. The physical features of a sedimentary environment include water depth and the velocity and persistence of currents.
One hundred fortyfour sedimentary basins or groups of basins are identified, located, and briefly described in support of the geologic carbon dioxide sequestration national assessment project brennan and others, 2010. Geologic observations and modeling studies have identified seven processes that can initiate and sustain basin subsidence dickinson, 1974, 1976, 1994. Since most of the sediment transporting agent are water, the sedimentary basin usually the place where the water finally accummulate. Source to sink studies in the danube basinblack sea system, global and planetary change, 103, 118, issn 09218181. Cratonic basins convergence related basins strikeslip basins. Also assessment and ranking of undiscovered resources. It is also defined as, a low lying areadepression where sediments can be deposit is called sedimentary basin. Written by acknowledged experts and edited by two of the most respected names in the field, this book will be invaluable for sedimentology students and researchers. Examples of sedimentary basins on industry data historical development of sequence stratigraphy. Known as sedimentary basins, these features come in many shapes and sizes. One hundred fortyfour sedimentary basins or groups of basins in the united states both onshore and offshore are identified, located, and briefly described as part of a geographic information system gis data base in support of the geologic carbon dioxide sequestration national assessment project brennan and others, 2010. The nature, description, and classification of sediments pdf 1.
Classifications subsequently were formulated largely on the basis of the form and origin of the contained rocks kay, 1951, and elaborated in the theory of geosynclines. Geol201 sedimentary basins vancouver island university. In this work, the reader will find the basic concepts and vocabulary of sedimentary geology, along with a presentation of the new ideas that are in current use in petroleum exploration. Two of these basins with distinctly different hydrologic regimes are the gulf coast basin and the palo duro basin part of the perm1an basin. Recent advances focuses on key topics or areas where the greatest strides forward have been made, while also providing on. Origin and classification of sedimentary basins onepetro. Robertson basins and plays tellus sedimentary basins. Sedimentary basins are regions of the earth of long term subsidence creating accommodation space for infilling by sediment. David menier universiti teknologi petronas qab 3033. Basin analysis 12th of june 2014 factors controlling the stratigraphy recording homewood et al. Earth systems history on ecampus sedimentary rocks intro origin of sedimentary rocks clastic rocks carbonate sedimentary rocks interpreting sedimentary rocks environment of. Recent advances focuses on key topics or areas where the greatest strides forward have been made, while also providing. Such sediments would have been derived by erosion of high plateaus.
The basic premise to explore the petroleum is the existence of sedimentary basin. Many of the worlds leading researchers in this field have been brought together in this volume to provide concise overviews of the current state of the subject. Tectonics of sedimentary basins, with revised nomenclature. Lecture notes field trip download course materials. Sedimentary basins range in size from as small as hundreds of meters to large parts of ocean basins.
Tectonics of sedimentary basins wiley online books. Recent advances focuses on key topics or areas where the greatest strides forward have been made, while also providing online access to the comprehensive 1995 book. Canadian border, into which large volumes of clastic sediment that is, sediment of predominantly clay, silt, and sand sizes were deposited. The sedimentary environment is the specific depositional setting of a particular sedimentary rock and is unique in terms of physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.
Sedimentary basins, or simply basins, vary from bowlshaped to elongated troughs. From the cenozoic sedimentary filling pattern in the hoh xil, qaidam and jiuquan basins, we find that the evolution of these basins is similar. Sedimentary rock sedimentary environments britannica. Sedimentary rock sedimentary rock sedimentary environments. Breakthroughs in new techniques are described in section 1, including detrital zircon geochronology, cosmogenic nuclide dating. Sedimentary basin is a depression on the earth surface the can accummulated the sedimentation material through time. For the first time ever within a single publication, an internationally distinguished team of authors synthesizes virtually everything you need to know about all the major classes of basins. In cameroon, there are two main types of sedimentary basins, which belong to three active african petroleum systems, namely, niger delta, west african salt basins and southern and central africa rifts. With tectonics of sedimentary basins, learn to use these models to identify and interpret the tectonic histories of other basins. Basins are classified according to primary plate tectonic controls on basin evolution. Convergent boundaries create foreland basins through tectonic compression of oceanic and continental crust during lithospheric flexure. The plate tectonic revolution of the 1960s provided the framework for detailed models on the structure of orogens and basins, summarized in a 1995 textbook edited by busby and ingersoll.
Subsidence along a passive margin, mostly due to longterm accumulation of sediments on the. A good example is the western canada sedimentary basin extending from the eastern side of the rocky mountains to central manitoba. The sedimentary basins of the united states and canada. If rich hydrocarbon source rocks occur in combination with appropriate depth and duration of burial, hydrocarbon generation can occur within the basin.622 456 1422 1173 1456 831 54 28 1289 309 286 978 462 550 1425 723 43 233 311 831 1481 792 1331 1351 146 482 428 311 1177 799 930 1390 469 877 618 336 1127 420 1355 1004 895 1028 607 576 101 115 684